begin explaining the anatomy
of a golfer it is important to understand why anatomy is so important.
is the study of the structure and function of the body. If your structure
is faulty, your golf game will not be 100%. The study of anatomy
can be very complex and takes many hours of study to learn. Therefore
we will keep this very simple and restrict this anatomy
discussion to the musculoskeletal
system, especially the feet, hips, spine,
and other supporting structures. Once you learn about the anatomy, we
are confident, you will be able to understand how Get Fit to Golf
can not only help improve your golf game, but also prevent injuries.
will begin with the foundation that supports your entire body...your
hips and pelvis
provide a foundation for the spine to sit upon. The spine
is made up of 33 bones called vertebrae stacked upon each other which
interact with the legs and arms to allow for proper movement. The sacrum
(see left diagram below) acts as the foundation for your centre
of balance. Your spine
consists of lumbar,
(see middle diagram below). For correct posture you need a spine
angel of lumbar
40 degrees, thoracic 35 degrees and sacral 45 degrees. If these change,
our total centre
of balance is altered. Our spine
is under pressure and our centre of gravity changes. Our spine will
try to return to its centre
of balance, compensations will occur, and a spine
curve developed, e.g..Scoliosis
(see right diagram below) and lordosis.
can be permanently altered.
the left is a diagram of a skeleton labeling some of the major bones.
The spine is the central area between the pelvis and the base of the
next feature of anatomy to discuss is the feet.
feet are the foundations which supports your entire body. The foot is
made up of 28 bones, 58 joints, over 107 ligaments and 19 intrinsic
muscles and 13 extrinsic muscles. All of these bones and muscles
make up 3 arches within the feet. Often these arches can "collapse"
or "flatten" and thus create muscle
imbalances which can carry all the way up the feet to the legs to
the hips and spine.
If this complex foot structure is off even a few millimeters, it will
be magnified to centimeters of imbalance at the pelvis
and head! Imagine if a few millimeters can make that big of a change
in the metre between your feet and pelvis,
imagine the imbalance
they make when you are driving at a 450 metre par 5.
help you appreciate how a small amount of imbalance
is magnified the further away from its supporting structure, take a
metal rod and tip it 2 cm, and see the difference it makes on the other
end of the one metre rod.
are more prone to developing feet conditions due to the increased stresses
placed on the foot when swinging the club. The foot imbalance will create
a "twisting" effect on the shin and leg bones, which will
not allow the pelvis
to stabilized, and thus the rest of the spine,
arms, shoulders and head.
simply place an orthotic
(arch support) into the shoe and support your "collapsed"
arch and you fix the problem and your golf game, right? Wrong, the twisting
on the leg bones will also create muscle
imbalances all the way up the legs, hips, buttocks,
spine and shoulders. Only a proper Get Fit to Golf ®
assessment will help to determine the muscle
imbalances you have and thus give you a program to correct them.
integrity is so crucial in producing a solid golf swing and controls
every part of your game. It provides the power needed to drive the ball
and maintain control and consistency. If these vital structures are
misaligned, your spine
angle will change. When the pelvis
and hips are imbalanced, you will develop many muscle
imbalances throughout your back, neck, and shoulders. These biomechanical
faults will lead to a poor swing.